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root@RedStubble:~# cat /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation
#!/bin/sh
# Copyright (c) 2002, 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
config=".my.cnf.$$"
command=".mysql.$$"
mysql_client=""
trap "interrupt" 1 2 3 6 15
rootpass=""
echo_n=
echo_c=
set_echo_compat() {
case `echo "testing\c"`,`echo -n testing` in
*c*,-n*) echo_n= echo_c= ;;
*c*,*) echo_n=-n echo_c= ;;
*) echo_n= echo_c='\c' ;;
esac
}
prepare() {
touch $config $command
chmod 600 $config $command
}
find_mysql_client()
{
for n in ./bin/mysql mysql
do
$n --no-defaults --help > /dev/null 2>&1
status=$?
if test $status -eq 0
then
mysql_client=$n
return
fi
done
echo "Can't find a 'mysql' client in PATH or ./bin"
exit 1
}
do_query() {
echo "$1" >$command
#sed 's,^,> ,' < $command # Debugging
$mysql_client --defaults-file=$config <$command
return $?
}
# Simple escape mechanism (\-escape any ' and \), suitable for two contexts:
# - single-quoted SQL strings
# - single-quoted option values on the right hand side of = in my.cnf
#
# These two contexts don't handle escapes identically. SQL strings allow
# quoting any character (\C => C, for any C), but my.cnf parsing allows
# quoting only \, ' or ". For example, password='a\b' quotes a 3-character
# string in my.cnf, but a 2-character string in SQL.
#
# This simple escape works correctly in both places.
basic_single_escape () {
# The quoting on this sed command is a bit complex. Single-quoted strings
# don't allow *any* escape mechanism, so they cannot contain a single
# quote. The string sed gets (as argv[1]) is: s/\(['\]\)/\\\1/g
#
# Inside a character class, \ and ' are not special, so the ['\] character
# class is balanced and contains two characters.
echo "$1" | sed 's/\(['"'"'\]\)/\\\1/g'
}
make_config() {
echo "# mysql_secure_installation config file" >$config
echo "[mysql]" >>$config
echo "user=root" >>$config
esc_pass=`basic_single_escape "$rootpass"`
echo "password='$esc_pass'" >>$config
#sed 's,^,> ,' < $config # Debugging
}
get_root_password() {
status=1
while [ $status -eq 1 ]; do
stty -echo
echo $echo_n "Enter current password for root (enter for none): $echo_c"
read password
echo
stty echo
if [ "x$password" = "x" ]; then
hadpass=0
else
hadpass=1
fi
rootpass=$password
make_config
do_query ""
status=$?
done
echo "OK, successfully used password, moving on..."
echo
}
set_root_password() {
stty -echo
echo $echo_n "New password: $echo_c"
read password1
echo
echo $echo_n "Re-enter new password: $echo_c"
read password2
echo
stty echo
if [ "$password1" != "$password2" ]; then
echo "Sorry, passwords do not match."
echo
return 1
fi
if [ "$password1" = "" ]; then
echo "Sorry, you can't use an empty password here."
echo
return 1
fi
esc_pass=`basic_single_escape "$password1"`
do_query "UPDATE mysql.user SET Password=PASSWORD('$esc_pass') WHERE User='root';"
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
echo "Password updated successfully!"
echo "Reloading privilege tables.."
reload_privilege_tables
if [ $? -eq 1 ]; then
clean_and_exit
fi
echo
rootpass=$password1
make_config
else
echo "Password update failed!"
clean_and_exit
fi
return 0
}
remove_anonymous_users() {
do_query "DELETE FROM mysql.user WHERE User='';"
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
echo " ... Success!"
else
echo " ... Failed!"
clean_and_exit
fi
return 0
}
remove_remote_root() {
do_query "DELETE FROM mysql.user WHERE User='root' AND Host NOT IN ('localhost', '127.0.0.1', '::1');"
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
echo " ... Success!"
else
echo " ... Failed!"
fi
}
remove_test_database() {
echo " - Dropping test database..."
do_query "DROP DATABASE test;"
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
echo " ... Success!"
else
echo " ... Failed! Not critical, keep moving..."
fi
echo " - Removing privileges on test database..."
do_query "DELETE FROM mysql.db WHERE Db='test' OR Db='test\\_%'"
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
echo " ... Success!"
else
echo " ... Failed! Not critical, keep moving..."
fi
return 0
}
reload_privilege_tables() {
do_query "FLUSH PRIVILEGES;"
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
echo " ... Success!"
return 0
else
echo " ... Failed!"
return 1
fi
}
interrupt() {
echo
echo "Aborting!"
echo
cleanup
stty echo
exit 1
}
cleanup() {
echo "Cleaning up..."
rm -f $config $command
}
# Remove the files before exiting.
clean_and_exit() {
cleanup
exit 1
}
# The actual script starts here
prepare
find_mysql_client
set_echo_compat
echo
echo
echo
echo
echo "NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL"
echo " SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!"
echo
echo
echo "In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current"
echo "password for the root user. If you've just installed MySQL, and"
echo "you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,"
echo "so you should just press enter here."
echo
get_root_password

#
# Set the root password
#
echo "Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL"
echo "root user without the proper authorisation."
echo
if [ $hadpass -eq 0 ]; then
echo $echo_n "Set root password? [Y/n] $echo_c"
else
echo "You already have a root password set, so you can safely answer 'n'."
echo
echo $echo_n "Change the root password? [Y/n] $echo_c"
fi
read reply
if [ "$reply" = "n" ]; then
echo " ... skipping."
else
status=1
while [ $status -eq 1 ]; do
set_root_password
status=$?
done
fi
echo

#
# Remove anonymous users
#
echo "By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone"
echo "to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for"
echo "them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation"
echo "go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a"
echo "production environment."
echo
echo $echo_n "Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] $echo_c"
read reply
if [ "$reply" = "n" ]; then
echo " ... skipping."
else
remove_anonymous_users
fi
echo

#
# Disallow remote root login
#
echo "Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This"
echo "ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network."
echo
echo $echo_n "Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] $echo_c"
read reply
if [ "$reply" = "n" ]; then
echo " ... skipping."
else
remove_remote_root
fi
echo

#
# Remove test database
#
echo "By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can"
echo "access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed"
echo "before moving into a production environment."
echo
echo $echo_n "Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] $echo_c"
read reply
if [ "$reply" = "n" ]; then
echo " ... skipping."
else
remove_test_database
fi
echo

#
# Reload privilege tables
#
echo "Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far"
echo "will take effect immediately."
echo
echo $echo_n "Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] $echo_c"
read reply
if [ "$reply" = "n" ]; then
echo " ... skipping."
else
reload_privilege_tables
fi
echo
cleanup
echo
echo
echo
echo "All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL"
echo "installation should now be secure."
echo
echo "Thanks for using MySQL!"
echo
echo